1000 WordsUtopias are envisioned societies where human beings live a best possible life. Utopias are here distinguished from dystopias.INSTRUCTIONSIn this assignment you are to construct an Engels-Inspired Utopia.Such a utopia will have 3 main characteristics:
A highly developed technologically driven global society.
Completely devoid of capitalism.
With minimal if any government.
PREPARING FOR THE ASSIGNMENTConsider trends in our present-day society that suggest ways that technology is making the need for capitalism obsolete. This should give you a general sense of how to construct an Engels Utopia.Next, you should consider some currently important areas of society (such as those listed below) that you might find most feasible to extrapolate as elements of this futuristic Utopia.WRITING THE ASSIGNMENTAfter choosing two of the possible areas below, write a 1000 word essay describing what that area might be like in an Engels non-capitalist technologically driven future.
ART AND/OR ENTERTAINMENT
GOODS: DURABLE & PERISHABLE
MEDIUMS OF EXCHANGE
****USING UTILITARIAN THEORY
This assignment requires you to make direct reference to the relevant readings in the course and at least one outside source that is relevant to your Engels utopian vision. On formatting your paper: I will accept both APA or MLA styles, however do not include a cover sheet. Please be sure to include a bibliography or works cited for all relevant information.Introduction to the Principles of Morals and
Of the Principle of Utility
I. Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters,
pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well
as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and
wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne.
They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think: every effort we can
make to throw off our subjection, will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it. In
words a man may pretend to abjure their empire: but in reality he will remain.
subject to it all the while. The principle of utility recognizes this subjection, and
assumes it for the foundation of that system, the object of which is to rear the
fabric of felicity by the hands of reason and of law. Systems which attempt to
question it, deal in sounds instead of sense, in caprice instead of reason, in
darkness instead of light.
But enough of metaphor and declamation: it is not by such means that moral
science is to be improved.
II. The principle of utility is the foundation of the present work: it will be proper
therefore at the outset to give an explicit and determinate account of what is
meant by it. By the principle of utility is meant that principle which approves or
disapproves of every action whatsoever. according to the tendency it appears to
have to augment or diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in
question: or, what is the same thing in other words to promote or to oppose that
happiness. I say of every action whatsoever, and therefore not only of every
action of a private individual, but of every measure of government.
III. By utility is meant that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce
benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness, (all this in the present case
comes to the same thing) or (what comes again to the same thing) to prevent the
happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is
considered: if that party be the community in general, then the happiness of the
community: if a particular individual, then the happiness of that individual.
IV. The interest of the community is one of the most general expressions that can
occur in the phraseology of morals: no wonder that the meaning of it is often lost.
When it has a meaning, it is this. The community is a fictitious body, composed of
the individual persons who are considered as constituting as it were its members.
The interest of the community then is, what is it?—the sum of the interests of the
several members who compose it.
V. It is in vain to talk of the interest of the community, without understanding what
is the interest of the individual. A thing is said to promote the interest, or to be for
the interest, of an individual, when it tends to add to the sum total of his
pleasures: or, w