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Is social support correlated with HIV infection rates in Sub-Saharan Africa?
If nurses participate in leadership organizations, are they more likely to advocate for state-level policy changes?
Exposure to pet therapy decreases the perception of pain in patients who are terminally ill with cancer.
Is limited English proficiency a barrier to the adoption of the new information technology system by Newbury Clinic personnel?
For each item above, consider the following:

Is it a research question or hypothesis? Why do you think so?
Which elements of a theoretical foundation for research are evident in the research question/hypothesis?
Would the research question/hypothesis be reasonable and appropriate for dissertation research or a similar program of research? If not, what modifications would you suggest?
Is it written clearly and effectively for the purposes of research? Why or why not?
If a nurse scientist were to address this research question/hypothesis, how would it further nursing’s body of knowledge and promote positive social change?

Examination of a variety of research questions and hypotheses can help you think creatively and analytically about your phenomenon of interest and the program of research you wish to pursue. In this Discussion, you develop research questions or hypotheses that you may be able to use to study your phenomenon of interest. You also provide feedback to your colleagues to help them strengthen their own research questions or hypotheses.
To prepare

Review the Learning Resources, including the information that Dr. Hathaway’s presents in the media program, “Research Questions and Hypotheses.”
Review the framework or theory that you identified in the Week 6 Discussion as having the most potential for use in your theoretical foundation for research. Using this framework or theory, think of potential research questions or hypotheses that you may use to study your phenomenon.
In addition, try other strategies that may help you develop useful research questions or hypotheses. For example:

Reexamine the literature related to your phenomenon of interest.
Review the questions and comments you noted as you analyzed concepts and conceptual relationships in previous weeks of this course.
Reflect on your firsthand observations of this phenomenon.

By Day 3
Post one or more research questions or hypotheses. Provide your rationale for selecting each question/hypothesis, explaining why it may be beneficial for studying your phenomenon of interest.Week 7 Learning
Gray, Grove, & Sutherland (2017)
Chapter 6
· Research purpose should be expressed at the conceptual level
· The research questions does not speak to HOW variables will be measured
· Purpose of the study should lead to 2-3 objects or aims
· A method or statistical test should match each aim
· The objective or aim should have some of the same variables as in the purpose statement
· Research questions are in the present tense
· 3 parts to the research questions – what is, what you want to know, the population
· The conceptual and operational definitions must align
· Hypotheses can be 1) causative or associative, 2) simple (2 variables) or complex (3 or more), 3) directional or nondirectional, and 4) null or an alternative prediction
· Research does not prove the hypothesis, but rather supports it
· If using mixed methods, quantitative and qualitative, you will have more than one purpose/aim/objective
Reay & Rankin (2013)
· Triage decision-making – dynamic decision-making
· Naturalist decision-making is cognitive, psychological
· The authors were challenged to use most theories to explain triage decision-making so they looked to the recognized primed decision model since it addresses real life stressful situations involving intuition and analysis
Laureate Education (Producer). (2014e). Research questions and hypotheses. Baltimore, MD: Author
· If theory is true, you can use a hypothesis to predict a relationship
· If not true, pose a research question
· Don’t ask yes or no research questions, instead, ask questions that ask to what extent…or how much
· How to determine your questions
· Remember, theory explains, describes, predicts or controls – related research questions do the same
· Look at outcomes, factors that influence the relationship between X and Y, predictors, and if one treatment is more effective than another
· Pose one or more research questions or hypotheses
· Prove a rationale for them
· Why is it beneficial to study your phenomenon -significance

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