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1. Prompt: 
Read the two documents attached below and write a paper mainly analyzing the effects of climate change and sustainable development in the adventure tourism industry. 
*Remember to refer to some cities/communities/countries as the specific examples for exploring the development in their adventure tourism industry locally. (eg. Did they follow the GSTC’s guidelines? How did they plan for tourism development? What are their results now?)
2. Requirement: 
12 pages, double spaced, APA format.
Reference is required. It should include these two documents and other outside academic resources are also welcomed.EXPLORING THE EFFECTS
OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

IN THE ADVENTURE TOURISM INDUSTRY

Xola Consulting, Inc. • January 2009

ADVENTURE TOURISM, CLIMATE CHANGE
AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
The effects of climate change and the challenges of
creating sustainable businesses are affecting all industries
today, but have special relevance to the health and long-
term growth of the adventure tourism industry.

To support policymakers and businesses developing and
implementing tourism market strategies to meet these
challenges, this brief:

Examines in detail how climate change will affect
destinations and tourist traffic patterns; and

Discusses principles of sustainable development and
how they can be applied in the adventure tourism context.

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www.xolaconsulting.com

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Adventure Tourism, Climate Change and Sustainable Development 2

Predicting Travel Patterns In the New Climate 4

Sustainability in the Adventure Tourism Context 8

Creating Sustainable Adventure Tourism Policies and Businesses 8

Modifying the Core Adventure Tourism Business Model 9

Recognizing Leaders in Sustainable Tourism 11

Measuring Sustainability and Quantifying Tourism’s Economic Benefits 13

Summary Observations on Climate Change and Sustainable Adventure Tourism 15

Sources : Tourism, Climate Change, and Sustainability 16

Copyright 2009 Xola Consulting, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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www.xolaconsulting.com

CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADVENTURE TOURISM INDUSTRY
Changes in climate, and the implications these changes have for destinations reliant on
natural resources – whether resources used for industrial purposes or those critically
important to the viability of industries such as tourism – will have significant economic
impacts in the coming years. For the tourism industry, which simultaneously suffers
from the effects of climate change as well as contributes to it, climate change presents
unusual and complex policy and business development challenges.

The adventure industry in particular, with its reliance on natural resources and its
multitude of businesses offering trips in extreme environments – polar, marine, moun-
tain, tropical – is experiencing the effects of climate change well before many main-
stream tourism businesses, and as a result is facing policy and business development
challenges sooner.

PREDICTING TRAVEL PATTERNS IN THE NEW CLIMATE
Climate and local natural conditions are significant factors in the choice of many
holiday destinations, and while it is expected that climate change will not affect the
amount of travel taken in the future, it is expected to affect the choice of destinations
and where expenditures will occur. Natural environments such as snow- and glacier-
capped mountains, coastal and island environments, beaches, forests, rivers, lakes,
deserts and many other beautiful landscapes are already experiencing the impact of
climatic changGlobal Report on
Adventure Tourism

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
Secretary-General: Taleb Rifai
Director-Executive Secretary of Member Relations: Carlos Vogeler

UNWTO editorial team


gramme

The Adventure Travel Trade Association (ATTA) editorial team
Contributing authors: Christina Beckmann, Natasha Martin, Nicole Petrak, Keith Sproule

Design and printing: www.mirenvidorreta.com
Photos by UNWTO / ATTA / Dreamstime
Cover photo: Dreamstime

Copyright © 2014, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

AM Reports, Volume nine – Global Report on Adventure Tourism

Published by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Madrid, Spain.
First printing: October 2014.
All rights reserved.
Printed in Spain.

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
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28020 Madrid
Spain

Tel.: (+34) 915 678 100
Fax: (+34) 915 713 733
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omt@unwto.org
Website: www.unwto.org

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinions what-
soever on the part of the Secretariat of the World Tourism Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or
area, or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Citation: World Tourism Organization (2014), AM Reports, Volume nine – Global Report on Adventure Tourism, UNWTO, Madrid.

may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including pho-

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For all remaining countries as well as for other permissions, requests should be addressed directly to the World Tourism Organi-
zation. For applications see: http://publications.unwto.org/content/rights-permissions.

CONTENTS
Foreword by Taleb Rifai, UNWTO Secretary General

Introduction by Yolanda Perdomo

Chapter 1
Introduction to Adventure Tourism

Chapter 2
Global Trends in Adventure Tourism

Chapter 3
The Current Structure of the Adventure Tourism

Chapter 4

Local Economies, Communities and the Environment

Chapter 5
Creating the Right Environment For Adventure Tourism

Chapter 6

Chapter 7
Managing Risk in Adventure Tourism

Chapter 8
Sector Challenges, Opportunities and Initiatives

Summary from ATTA President, Shannon Stowell

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66

74

82

UNWTO AM Report: Volume nine6

Foreword, Taleb Rifai,
UNWTO Se

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